World Geography

Raising awareness of the importance of world geography in the modern world means working for the future of planet Earth.

Many people may not realise how fundamental is the relationship between geography, environment and sustainable development.



Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia.

In the north-west, the continent extends to the Atlantic Ocean, forming a region known as West Africa. The two major Bays, the only ones in the north, overlook the Mediterranean Sea: the Gulf of Sirte, in front of Libya and the Gulf of Gabes, in front of the Atlas range. The Atlas Chain shelters from winds Morocco and Algeria, making arid those areas. The great Sahara Desert covers the northern part of the continent: the southern part is so called sub-Saharan Africa. The geographical area that is overlooking the Mediterranean Sea is well-known as Mediterranean Africa.

Its climate is different according to the areas: Mediterranean, desert, tropical, equatorial or temperate as in South Africa.

In Egypt you find the most famous of African rivers that is also one of the largest in the world: the Nile (6671 km in length).

Another important river is the Congo (4,200 km in length), which empties into the Atlantic and gives its name to the two republics bordering its shores (Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo).

Vegetation in Africa is quite rich. The characteristic plants of the continent are: date palms, large acacia trees and some types of banana trees.
The Mediterrean scrub is totally disappeared while the predominant vegetation form on the island is the native garrigue -steppe.

The African fauna is characterized by many different species of mammals. Among the most characteristic: camels, gorillas, giraffes, elephants and lions.