World Geography

Raising awareness of the importance of world geography in the modern world means working for the future of planet Earth.

Many people may not realise how fundamental is the relationship between geography, environment and sustainable development.



Oceania includes the large island of Australia, the islands of New Guinea and New Zealand, and a myriad of smaller islands, scattered in the Pacific Ocean and part of the groups of Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia.
It is located almost entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. It is the smallest continent on the planet with an area of about 8 million square kilometers,; the population is about 31 million people, with a density that is the lowest in the world.

Its climate is various. Thermal contrasts are present in the interior regions of Australia, characterized by a continental climate with high temperature and low rainfall during the year. Most of the islands are characterized by a rather uniform climate with temperatures softened by the winds and heavy rainfall, while New Zealand and the coasts of south-eastern Australia have a temperate climate.

The hydrographic network is not so developed. The most important Rivers are only in Australia (Murray - Doring), New Zealand, Tasmania and New Guinea.
The most important lake, Eyre, with shallow seabed and brackish waters, is located in the north lowlands of the Great Australian Bay.

In Oceania there are different types of flora: tropical forests, savannas characterized by eucalyptus and pines trees, steppe, bushes.

Forests cover much of New Zealand and the palm trees are the characteristic vegetation of coral atolls.

In terms of zoo-geography, Oceania is part of the Australian region, therefore, has a fauna very similar to the Australia.